- E -
- F -
- G -
- H -
- I -
- J -
- K -
- L -
- - D -
- An award of money paid by the guilty
party to the injured party to compensate for losses
or injuries incurred.
- Refers to a dead person.
- A judgment or decree issued by
the court which settles a controversy.
- A statement that presents facts.
An affidavit is given under oath while a declaration
- A conveyance of realty, a writing
signed by grantor, whereby title to realty is transferred
from one to another.
- To consider or be of opinion, e.g.,
to deem it necessary.
- A term meaning the failure to appear,
to defend, or to follow proper procedure in a lawsuit.
- The accused person or party; the
person named as the wrong-doer in a civil or criminal
- The final settlement by the court
in a controversy.
- An alternative sentence (rather
than jail) where a defendant is placed in a program,
supervised by Probation or District Attorney.
- A permanent, abbreviated record
of the courtroom proceedings of a case, kept in the
- DUCES TECUM:
- Bring with you, a subpoena duces
tecum is a writ in which a witness is ordered to produce
certain things at a trial.
- DUE PROCESS:
- The regular course of administration
of law through the courts. A constitutional guarantee
of due process requires that every person have the protection
of a day in court, representation by an attorney, and
the benefits of procedures that are speedy, fair and
- - E -
- The fraudulent conversion of another's
property by one to whom it has been entrusted.
- EN BANC:
- Literally, "in a group".
Defendants are advised of their constitutional rights
at the time of arraignment in a large group, rather
- (Same as Indorse.) To sign one's
signature on the back of a paper or document, such as
- To command or require; to order
that something be stopped.
- To deal fairly and equally with
all concerned. This term implies not only a fair or
just determination on legal grounds, but also a judgment
as could be guided by common sense notions of fairness
- A system supplemental to the law.
- A bar which precludes a person,
in law, from asserting right in contravention of his
previous position or representation.
- ET AL:
- The Latin phrase for "and
- ET SEQ:
- Abbreviation for et sequentes (masculine
and feminine plural) or et sequentia (neuter) and "and
- ET UX:
- The Latin phrase for "and
- Dispossession by process of law;
the act of depriving a person of a possession of lands
which he has held, in pursuance of the judgment of a
- F -
FORFEITURE OF BAIL:
- The loss of bail for failure to
appear in court at an appointed time.
- A person who runs away or tries
- G -
- Satisfaction of a judgment out
of property of a debtor in possession of a third party,
e.g., a wage garnishment.
- GUARDIAN AD LITEM:
- A person appointed by the court
to represent a minor, child, or an incompetent.
- H -
- A formal public proceeding in court
with all parties in a case present but without jury.
- HELD TO ANSWER:
- In felony cases, the transfer of
a case to superior court for trial after an initial
hearing to determine if in fact a felony has been committed
and there is reason to believe the defendant did commit
- HOLDING CELL:
- A cell within a courthouse where
prisoners are held before and after their court appearance.
Prisoners are usually brought to the holding cell from
the county jail.
- - I -
- To seize and hold in the custody
of the law, usually used in reference to objects or
animals rather than people.
- Imprisoned or confined to jail
- To hold another, or oneself, responsible
for criminal misconduct; to involve someone, or oneself,
in an accusation of a crime.
- To pay or in some way compensate
for a loss, hurt or damage.
- A formal accusation by a grand
jury charging a person with a crime (see Information).
- Generally, this term defines a
person who is poor, needy and who has no one to look
to for support.
- IN FORMA PAUPERIS:
- When, with the court's permission,
an indigent person sues without being responsible for
the costs incurred.
- A written accusation (document)
charging a person with a crime that is presented by
a prosecuting officer under oath of office, rather than
one produced by a grand jury.
- A minor violation of a law, contract,
or right that is not a misdemeanor nor a felony and
which cannot be punished by imprisonment.
- A writ granted by the court in
which a person is required to do, or not do, a specific
act (see Restraining Order).
- IN RE:
- In the matter of; concerning.
- - J -
- The state is divided into precincts
or districts which define the geographical area of a
- JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS:
- A proceeding which takes place
in or under the authority of a court of justice, or
which relates in some way to the administration of justice,
or which legally ascertains any right or liability.
- The clause written at the foot
of an affidavit stating when, where, and before whom
such affidavit was sworn.
- The authority, capacity, power
or right of a court to hear and decide a legal matter.
- A body of citizens legally selected
and required to hear the facts in a case. A jury determines
the innocence or guilt of an accused, according to the
evidence presented and to the law as stated by the judge.
- JURY ROSTER:
- A list of all the jurors asked
to appear in court or the list of jurors impaneled (selected)
to hear a case.
- JURY TRIAL:
- A trial in which a dispute between
two or more parties is settled by the verdict of a jury
of 12 people, legally impaneled and sworn in.
- A person under the age of 18, who
is still under parental supervision.
- JUVENILE COURT:
- That part of the Superior Court
which has jurisdiction over cases involving delinquent
and neglected children.
- - K -
- Usually an officer appointed by
the court to maintain custody of money or property legally
seized in connection with a pending case.
- - L -
- A case before the court.
- LETTER OF INSTRUCTION:
- A form filled out by a plaintiff
which states the property belonging to the defendant
to be levied (seized).
- To raise, collect, or seize by
legal process, e.g. taking or selling property to collect
- Anything written, printed, or published
that is defamatory and injures the reputation of any
- LICENSE HOLD:
- The action taken to prevent a drivers
license renewal pending settlement of a legal matter.
- A claim by a party on the property
of another for payment of a debt or obligation. It is
not a right to the property itself, but rather stops
the owner from doing anything with it. The lien may
be enforced or collected by levying on the property